Limestone statue of King Djoser.

Zoser was eventually buried in his famous pyramid at Saqqara in Lower Egypt. A pharaoh from the 2nd dynasty, was the last pharaoh to be buried at Abydos, this pyramid was originally built as a nearly quadratic mastaba, but then five further mastabas were literally piled upon the first, each new mastaba smaller than the predecessing ones, until the monument became Egypt’s first step pyramid.

The Step Pyramid at Saqqara King Djoser’s Pyramid is massive and contains only one tight corridor leading to the close midst of the monument, ending in a rough chamber where the entrance to the tomb shaft was hidden. This inner construction was later filled with rubble, for it was of no use anymore. The pyramid was once 62 metres high and had a base measurement of ca. 125 X 109 metres. It was tightly covered in finely polished, white limestone. The shaft entrance was sealed by a plug stone with a weight of 3.5 tons.

At the eastern site of the pyramid, very close to the blue chambers, eleven tomb shafts lead straight down for 30 – 32 metres deep and then deviate in a right angle in western direction. Shaft I – V were used for the burials of royal family members, shaft VI – XI were used as symbolic tombs for the grave goods of royal ancestors from dynasty I – II.

“The Pyramid of Sakkara One of the most exciting historical and archaeological areas in all of Egypt is Sakkara, situated about 25 km southwest of Cairo. The site is dominated by the famous step pyramid of King Zoser. It was the first pyramid to be built in Ancient Egypt, preceding those at Giza by many centuries, and is the work of the famous pharaonic architect, Imnhotep.”
“The Pyramid of Sakkara One of the most exciting historical and archaeological areas in all of Egypt is Sakkara, situated about 25 km southwest of Cairo. The site is dominated by the famous step pyramid of King Zoser. It was the first pyramid to be built in Ancient Egypt, preceding those at Giza by many centuries, and is the work of the famous pharaonic architect, Imnhotep.”

More than 40,000 vessels, bowls and vases made of all kind of semiprecious stone were found in these galleries. Royal names such as of kings Den, Semerkhet, Nynetjer and Sekhemib were incised on the pots. It is now thought that Djoser once restored the original tombs of the ancestors and then sealed the grave goods in the galleries in attempt to save them.

Another 16 Egyptian kings built pyramids at Sakkara, which are now in various states of preservation or dilapidation.

The area running from Giza to Dahshur has been used as a necropolis by the inhabitants of Memphis at different times, and it has been designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1979.

 

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